Kg CO2 per litre of petrol

If you burn a litre of diesel this will produce 2.6391 kgs of carbon dioxide. Petrol has a lower carbon content and so produces 2.3035 kgs of CO2. The precise figures depend on the quality of the fuel. Since fuel weighs less than a kilogram per litre, it is interesting to see how the weight of emissions is multiplied by the addition of oxygen. The tables below show how the official test figures for CO2 emissions and combined MPG can be equated to see how individual vehicles perform in terms of CO2 per litre. Some cars appear to do better than the standard chemistry would suggest, whereas others do worse. So these figures show how inaccurate the testing mechanism can be, and how different engines skew the results. The official tests measure exhaust gases only and then calculate the fuel consumption.

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Top 10 CO2 per litre petrol cars
Make Model Derivative CO2 (kg)/litre CO2 (gpkm) Litre per 100km MPG (combined) List price
SEAT Leon 5 Door 1.4 TSI FR 150PS ACT 2.10 109 5.20 54.3 £20,000
SEAT Leon ST 1.4 TSI FR Technology Pack 150PS 2.11 112 5.30 53.3 £22,070
Audi A5 Sportback 2.0 TFSI quattro S Line 225PS S Tronic 2.21 159 7.21 39.2 £37,850
Ford Mustang Fastback 5.0 V8 GT 418PS 2.21 299 13.52 20.9 £32,995
Morgan 4/4 1.6 2.23 143 6.41 44.1 £34,925
Ford Mustang Fastback 2.3 EcoBoost 314PS 2.24 179 8.00 35.3 £28,995
Audi A5 Sportback 2.0 TFSI quattro S Line 225PS 2.24 159 7.10 39.8 £36,370
Ford Mustang Convertible 2.3 EcoBoost 314PS 2.24 184 8.21 34.4 £32,995
Kia cee'd Sportswagon 1.4 SR-7 98hp 2.24 148 6.60 42.8 £16,650
Renault Megane Coupé 1.2 TCe 115 Dynamique Nav Energy Stop and Start 2.25 119 5.30 53.3 £19,345
Bottom 10 CO2 per litre petrol cars
Make Model Derivative CO2 (kg)/litre CO2 (gpkm) Litre per 100km MPG (combined) List price
Skoda Octavia Estate 1.2 TSI S 110PS DSG 2.97 113 3.80 74.3 £18,735
Volkswagen Beetle 2.0 TSI Sport 220PS BMT DSG 2.90 157 5.41 52.2 £25,175
Mazda Mazda MX-5 New 1.5i SE 131PS 2.62 139 5.30 53.3 £18,495
Mercedes-Benz C-Class Saloon C 200 AMG Line 2.49 132 5.30 53.3 £30,890
Citroen C3 Picasso 1.6 VTi Exclusive 120hp 2.48 149 6.00 47.1 £17,095
Mercedes-Benz C-Class Saloon C 200 AMG Line 7G-Tronic 2.47 131 5.30 53.3 £32,390
Mercedes-Benz SLK-Class Roadster SLK 250 AMG Sport 2.45 169 6.91 40.9 £38,710
Audi A5 Sportback 1.8 TFSI Black Edition Plus 177PS 2.43 148 6.10 46.3 £33,175
Mercedes-Benz C-Class Estate C 200 AMG Line 7G-Tronic 2.42 138 5.70 49.6 £33,590
Abarth 595C 1.4 Tjet Turismo 160hp Auto 2.42 155 6.41 44.1 £21,255